[1]贾亚运,周丽丽,吴鹏飞,等.不同发育阶段杉木人工林林下植被的多样性[J].森林与环境学报,2016,36(01):36-41.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.01.006]
 JIA Yayun,ZHOU Lili,WU Pengfei,et al.Characterization of understory community of Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations at different developmental stages[J].,2016,36(01):36-41.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.01.006]
点击复制

不同发育阶段杉木人工林林下植被的多样性()
分享到:

《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
36
期数:
2016年01期
页码:
36-41
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characterization of understory community of Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations at different developmental stages
作者:
贾亚运12 周丽丽12 吴鹏飞12 刘雨晖3 马祥庆12
1. 福建农林大学林学院, 福建 福州 350002;
2. 国家林业局杉木工程技术研究中心, 福建 福州 350002;
3. 福建农林大学莘口教学林场, 福建 三明 365000
Author(s):
JIA Yayun12 ZHOU Lili12 WU Pengfei12 LIU Yuhui3 MA Xiangqing12
1. College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;
2. State Forestry Administration Engineering Research Center of Chinese Fir, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;
3. Xinkou Experimental Forest Farm of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Sanming, Fujian 365000, China
关键词:
杉木林下植被重要值物种多样性发育阶段
Keywords:
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.understory vegetationimportant valuespecies diversitydevelopmental stage
分类号:
S718.54+2
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.01.006
摘要:
为揭示不同发育阶段杉木人工林林下植被多样性的变化规律,对福建三明莘口教学林场不同发育阶段杉木人工林(幼龄林、成龄林和过熟林)林下植被的种类、数量、丰富度、盖度、高度等指标进行调查。结果表明:不同发育阶段杉木人工林林下植被物种丰富度(S)差异不大,个体丰富度(N)差异较大,表现为成龄林(478个) >过熟林(308个)> 幼龄林(223个);幼龄林林下植被以玉叶金花等耐阴树种占优势,成龄林及过熟林中网脉酸藤子、毛冬青等喜阳植物重要地位明显上升,在各发育阶段均处于优势地位的物种如裸花紫珠、杜茎山、狗脊蕨、江南卷柏等,可以考虑作为恢复林分物种多样性的启动物种;随着林分的发育,林下植被Simpson指数(D)、Shannon-Wiener指数(H)、Pielou均匀度指数(J’)和生态优势度指数(DMc)均表现为先升高后降低的趋势。可见林下植被的物种多样性与杉木林分的生长发育阶段密切相关,及时进行抚育间伐是提高杉木人工林林下植被物种多样性和维持生态系统稳定性的有效途径。
Abstract:
In order to explore the regulation of understory community characteristics at different developmental stages of Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations, species, quantities, abundance, coverage, height and basal diameter of understory vegetation at different developmental stages of C. lanceolata plantations were investigated in Xinkou Experiment Forest Farm, Sanming, Fujian Province. Results were showed that there was not significantly different in species richness (S) among different developmental stages plantations, whereas the individual abundance (N) was of significant difference. Mussaenda pubescens Ait.f. and other shade species were preponderant in young plantation. The important position of the heliophilous species such as Embelia rudis Hand. -Mazz., Ilex pubescens Hook. et Arn. were rising obviously in mature and overmature forest. The diversity indices of Simpson (D), Shannon-Wiener (H), Pielou(J’) and DMc increased in mature plantation and decreased in over-mature plantation. The understory community characteristics were closely related to the developmental stages of C. lanceolata plantations. It was an effective way to improve the species diversity of undergrowth and maintain the stability of ecosystem by intermediate cutting timely.

参考文献/References:

[1] 俞新妥.中国杉木研究进展(2000-2005):I. 杉木生理生态研究综述[J].福建林学院学报,2006,26(2):177-185.
[2] MA X Q, LIU C J, IIVESNIEMI H, et al. Biomass, litterfall and the nutrient fluxes in Chinese fir stands of different age in subtropical China[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2002,13(3):165-170.
[3] 尹伟伦.全球森林与环境关系研究进展[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(1):1-7.
[4] 李东海,杨小波,邓运武,等.桉树人工林林下植被、地面覆盖物与土壤物理性质的关系[J].生态学杂志,2006,25(6):607-611.
[5] KUME A, SATOMURA T, TSUBOI N, et al. Effects of understory vegetation on the ecophysio logical characteristics of an overstory pine, Pinus densiflora[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2003,176(1):195-203.
[6] WILSON S M, PYATT D G, RAY D, et al. Indices of soil nitrogen availability for an ecological site classification of British forests[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2005,220(1/2/3):51-65.
[7] 游秀花.马尾松天然林不同演替阶段土壤理化性质的变化[J].福建林学院学报,2005,25(2):121-124.
[8] 刘玉宝.29年生杉木林下植物多样性与密度的关系[J].福建林学院学报,2005,25(1):27-30.
[9] 林开敏,马祥庆,范少辉,等.杉木人工林林下植物的消长规律[J].福建林学院学报,2000,20(3):231-234.
[10] COHEN M J, DABRAL S, GRAHAM W D, et al. Evaluating ecological condition using soil biogeochemical parameters and near infrared reflectance spectra[J]. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2006,116(1/2/3):427-457.
[11] 刘健,郭建宏,郭进辉,等.茫荡山自然保护区森林生态系统生态评价[J].福建林学院学报,2003,23(2):106-110.
[12] 俞月凤,宋同清,曾馥平,等.杉木人工林生物量及其分配的动态变化[J].生态学杂志,2013,32(7):1 660-1 666.
[13] ZHOU L L, SHALOM A D D, WU P F, et al. Litterfall production and nutrient return in different-aged Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantations in South China[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2015,26(1):79-89.
[14] 李聪慧,雷霆.人为干扰对北京野鸭湖市级自然保护区植物多样性的影响[J].福建林学院学报,2014,34(4):309-315.
[15] 范少辉,马祥庆,陈绍栓,等.多代杉木人工林生长发育效应的研究[J].林业科学,2000,36(4):9-15.
[16] 林开敏,张文富,谢国阳,等.老龄杉木林下天然更新阔叶植被物种多样性研究[J].福建林学院学报,1997,17(4):313-317.
[17] 喻阳华,李飒,严令斌,等.赤水河上游次生林林窗特征及森林更新[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(3):265-271.

相似文献/References:

[1]林 晗,吴承祯,陈 辉,等.杉木—千年桐人工混交林种内种间竞争关系分析[J].森林与环境学报,2014,34(04):316.
[2]赵中华,刘爱琴,吴鹏飞,等.低磷胁迫下杉木针叶蛋白的提取与表达差异分析[J].森林与环境学报,2014,34(03):203.
[3]李林源.23年生杉木第2代种子园自由授粉子代测定林分析及选择[J].森林与环境学报,2013,33(04):351.
 LI Lin-yuan.Analysis and selection for 23 years old open-pollinated progeny test of the 2nd generation seed orchard in Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].,2013,33(01):351.
[4]郑金兴,熊德成,黄锦学,等.中龄和老龄杉木人工林凋落物量及养分归还[J].森林与环境学报,2013,33(01):18.
 ZHENG Jin-xing,XIONG De-cheng,HUANG Jin-xue,et al.Litter production and nutrient return in 2 plantations of young and old Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].,2013,33(01):18.
[5]汪婷,张莉莉,胡永颜,等.不同耐铝型杉木优良家系早期筛选[J].森林与环境学报,2013,33(02):124.
 WANG Ting,ZHANG Li-li,HU Yong-yan,et al.Selection of different types of aluminum-tolerance Cunninghamia lanceolata superior families[J].,2013,33(01):124.
[6]陈奶莲,汪攀,吴鹏飞,等.匀强电场对杉木外植体芽诱导的影响[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(01):13.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2015.01.003]
[7]刘圣恩,林开敏,郑文辉,等.杉木研究科技文献计量分析[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(01):19.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2015.01.004]
[8]何琳琳,吴鹏飞,张云鹏,等.杉木人工林细根不同根序形态和碳氮含量的比较[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(02):112.[doi:DOI: 10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2015.02.003]
[9]陈奶莲,汪攀,吴鹏飞,等.不同杉木半同胞家系种子生物学特性的差异[J].森林与环境学报,2015,35(03):230.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2015.03.008]
[10]王青天.闽南山地杉木马尾松木荷混交林培育效果研究[J].森林与环境学报,2012,32(04):321.
 [J].,2012,32(01):321.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-5-29;改回日期:2015-9-14。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(U1405211);福建省科技重点项目(2014N0002);福建农林大学部级创新平台资助。
作者简介:贾亚运(1990-),男,硕士研究生,从事杉木人工林生态方面的研究。E-mail:edisonjyy@sina.com。
通讯作者:马祥庆(1966-),男,教授,博士,博士生导师,从事森林培育研究。E-mail:lxymxq@126.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01