[1]罗清虎,孙凡,吴建召,等.汶川地震对两种气候区植被恢复群落特征的影响[J].森林与环境学报,2018,38(01):50-56.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2018.01.009]
 LUO Qinghu,SUN Fan,WU Jianzhao,et al.Community characteristics of vegetation restoration in 2 different climate areas of Wenchuan earthquake affected region[J].,2018,38(01):50-56.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2018.01.009]
点击复制

汶川地震对两种气候区植被恢复群落特征的影响()
分享到:

《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
38
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
50-56
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community characteristics of vegetation restoration in 2 different climate areas of Wenchuan earthquake affected region
作者:
罗清虎12 孙凡12 吴建召12 崔羽12 林勇明12 吴承祯23
1. 福建农林大学林学院, 福建 福州 350002;
2. 福建省高校森林生态系统过程与经营重点实验室, 福建 福州 350002;
3. 武夷学院生态与资源工程学院, 福建 南平 354300
Author(s):
LUO Qinghu12 SUN Fan12 WU Jianzhao12 CUI Yu12 LIN Yongming12 WU Chengzhen23
1. College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;
2. Key Laboratory for Forest Ecosystem Process and Management of Fujian Province, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;
3. College of Ecology and Resources Eng
关键词:
汶川地震灾区植被恢复群落特征物种多样性
Keywords:
Wenchuanearthquake affected regionvegetation restorationcommunity characteristicsspecies diversity
分类号:
S718.54
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2018.01.009
摘要:
为了解两种气候区(半干旱干热河谷气候区和亚热带湿润季风气候区)汶川地震后植被恢复群落特征,采用野外调查和室内分析相结合的方法,分析了不同样地植被恢复群落物种组成、重要值和物种多样性的差异特征。结果表明:(1)两个气候区内乔灌草物种数量存在差异,其中亚热带湿润季风气候区1年生草本和多年生草本物种数高于干热河谷气候区,乔灌植物差异较小;受地震和人为恢复措施影响,两个气候区内未受损区和受损未治理区的草本生活型物种数较高,受损治理区则灌乔生活型物种数较高。(2)研究区各样地物种分布不均匀,尤其在受损治理区,因人为种植灌木及乔木,少数优势物种出现在样地中,物种重要值差异大。(3)研究区各样地乔灌植物香农-威纳指数为未受损区>受损治理区>受损未治理区,但草本的多样性指数在受损治理区最低,受损未治理区(自然恢复)的草本多样性指数最高。地震灾区受损治理区通过人工种植灌木及乔木丰富了物种组成,促进植物群落垂直结构的发展。
Abstract:
In order to understand the characteristics of vegetation restoration community in 2 different climate zones (semi-arid dry hot valley climate zone and subtropic humid monsoon climate zone) in Wenchuan earthquake affected region, by the field survey and analysis in the laboratory, species composition, important value and species diversity of vegetation restoration communities in different plots were analyzed. The results showed that:(1) the species number of tree, shrub, and grass had great difference between 2 climate types. Fern and non-annual herb were higher in subtropic humid monsoon climate than that in semi-arid dry hot valley except tree and shrub. As the effects of earthquake and restoration measures, arbor and shrub dominated in the destroyed and treated area which were different with undestroyed area, and destroyed and untreated area which were dominated by grass. (2) Species distribution was not even in all plots, especially in recovery area that was dominated by human-planted shrub and trees, causing the variation of important value. (3) The Shannon-wiener index in both climate zones showed a trend of undestroyed area > destroyed and treated area > destroyed and untreated area, but the diversity index of herb was lowest in destroyed and treated area and highest in destroyed and untreated area. The survey and analysis found artificially planting shrub and arbor was helpful for species become rich in the earthquake affected area and promote the development of vertical structure of plant community.

参考文献/References:

[1] 孙丽文. 5.12地震后北川不同滑坡治理措施效果研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2016.
[2] ZHANG J D, HULL V, XU W H, et al. Impact of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake on biodiversity and giant panda habitat in Wolong Nature Reserve, China[J]. Ecological Research, 2011, 26(3): 523-531.
[3] 张德顺. 红叶谷生态旅游区植被群落特征研究[J]. 中国园林, 2007, 23(12): 67-70.
[4] 李丹雄. 北川县地震滑坡迹地植被恢复适宜植物研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2015.
[5] CUI P, LIN Y M, CHEN C. Destruction of vegetation due to geo-hazards and its environmental impacts in the Wenchuan earthquake areas[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2012, 44: 61-69.
[6] 刘守江, 张斌, 杨清伟, 等. 汶川地震非规范滑坡体上植被的自然恢复能力研究: 以彭州银厂沟谢家店子滑坡体为例[J]. 山地学报, 2010, 28(3): 373-378.
[7] 徐卫华, 欧阳志云, 王学志, 等. 汶川地震重灾区生态保护重要性评价与对策[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(12): 5820-5825.
[8] 吴聪, 王金牛, 卢涛, 等. 汶川地震对龙门山地区山地土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2012, 18(6): 911-916.
[9] 张翔, 王庆安, 方自力, 等. 汶川地震灾区自然植被恢复的先锋植物特征分析[J]. 中国水土保持, 2011(4): 47-50.
[10] 王庆安, 张翔, 毛竹. 汶川地震生态环境破坏严重区地形高程和起伏度分布特点[J]. 科技导报, 2009, 27(16): 53-59.
[11] 林勇明, 吴承祯, 洪伟, 等. 汶川地震灾区典型区不同植被类型土壤种子库特征: 以北川县苏保河、魏家沟流域为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2012, 20(1): 99-104.
[12] ZHANG B, JIAO Q J, WU Y H, et al. Estimating soil erosion changes in the Wenchuan earthquake disaster area using geo-spatial information technology[J]. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 2009, 3(1): 031675.
[13] 张广帅, 林勇明, 马瑞丰, 等. 汶川地震灾区不同气候区土壤微生物群落碳源代谢多样性[J]. 环境科学, 2015, 36(2): 669-677.
[14] 严思维, 杜锟, 陈爱民, 等. 蒋家沟泥石流频发区不同植被类型与土壤养分及酶的关系[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2016, 22(1): 49-57.
[15] 杨永胜, 李红琴, 张莉, 等. 封育措施对巴塘高寒草甸植被群落结构及土壤持水能力的影响[J]. 山地学报, 2016, 34(5): 606-614.
[16] 李甜甜. 汶川地震极重灾区生态恢复研究[D]. 湘潭: 湖南科技大学, 2012.
[17] 王永健, 陶建平, 张炜银, 等. 茂县土地岭植被恢复过程中物种多样性动态特征[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26(4): 1028-1036.
[18] 王宇, 刘兴良, 闵安民, 等. 汶川地震灾区人工植被恢复技术研究[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2014, 42(8): 2374-2376.
[19] 张坤. 汶川地震极重灾区受损体植被恢复调查分析[D]. 兰州: 兰州大学, 2014.
[20] 蔡丽平, 刘明新, 侯晓龙, 等. 长汀县崩岗侵蚀区不同治理模式植物多样性的比较[J]. 福建农林大学学报(自然科学版), 2012, 41(4): 524-528.
[21] 李丹雄, 杨建英, 史常青, 等. 汶川地震滑坡迹地植被恢复中优势种的种间关联性[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20(5): 938-943.
[22] 林勇明, 俞伟, 刘奕, 等. 汶川震区典型区不同受损阶段群落多样性特征: 以北川县为例[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2012, 34(6): 75-79.
[23] 杨婷婷, 郭福涛, 王文辉, 等. 福建长汀红壤区植被覆盖度变化趋势分析[J]. 森林与环境学报, 2016, 36(1): 15-21.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-01;改回日期:2017-10-16。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41790434);福建农林大学科技创新专项基金项目(CXZX2016058)。
作者简介:罗清虎(1993-),男,硕士研究生,从事生态恢复研究。Email:937296695@qq.com。
通讯作者:林勇明(1982-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事恢复生态学研究。Email:monkey1422@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01