[1]廖全兰,龙翠玲,薛飞,等.茂兰喀斯特森林不同地形土壤酶活性及养分特征[J].森林与环境学报,2020,40(02):164-170.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.02.008]
 LIAO Quanlan,LONG Cuiling,XUE Fei,et al.Soil enzyme and nutrient characteristics of different terrains in Maolan karst forest[J].,2020,40(02):164-170.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.02.008]
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茂兰喀斯特森林不同地形土壤酶活性及养分特征()
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《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
164-170
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Soil enzyme and nutrient characteristics of different terrains in Maolan karst forest
作者:
廖全兰 龙翠玲 薛飞 郑鸾
贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵州 贵阳 550001
Author(s):
LIAO Quanlan LONG Cuiling XUE Fei ZHENG Luan
College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550001, China
关键词:
茂兰喀斯特森林土壤酶活性地形通径分析
Keywords:
Maolankarst forestsoil enzyme activitiesterrainpath analysis
分类号:
S714.5
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.02.008
摘要:
为了解喀斯特森林不同地形土壤酶活性差异及其与土壤养分的相关性,选取贵州茂兰喀斯特森林国家级自然保护区内3种不同地形(漏斗、槽谷、坡地)为研究对象,采用单因素方差分析与通径分析方法,研究不同地形对喀斯特森林土壤酶活性的影响,并探讨土壤酶活性与土壤养分之间的关系。结果表明:不同地形土壤养分有较大差异,总体表现为漏斗最丰富,其次为槽谷,坡地土壤的养分较差;除蔗糖酶外,地形对土壤酶活性存在显著影响,过氧化氢酶和蔗糖酶活性的地形差异均表现为槽谷 > 漏斗 > 坡地;碱性磷酸酶活性为槽谷 > 坡地 > 漏斗;脲酶活性为漏斗 > 坡地 > 槽谷。土壤酶活性与土壤养分之间存在弱相关性,其中过氧化氢酶活性的主要影响因素是全氮和速效氮含量,碱性磷酸酶活性的主要影响因素是速效氮和速效钾含量,脲酶活性的主要影响因素为速效钾含量,蔗糖酶活性的主要影响因素是全氮和速效钾含量。过氧化氢酶、碱性磷酸酶、脲酶和蔗糖酶活性的剩余通径系数均较大,表明土壤酶的活性可能还受到其他未被考虑的因素影响。
Abstract:
To understand the differences of soil enzyme activities and their relationships with soil nutrients in different topographies of the Maolan karst forest, the three different topographies of funnel, valley, and hillside were studied. The topographic differences of soil enzyme activities and the relationships of soil enzyme activity and soil nutrients were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and path analysis methods. The results showed that there were relatively large differences of soil nutrients among the different topographies. Specifically, soil nutrients were most abundant in funnels, followed by valleys and hillsides, respectively. Except for saccharase, the topographies had a significant effect on soil enzyme activity. The order of both catalase and saccharase activities in the different topographies was valley > funnel > hillside, that of alkaline phosphatase activity was valley > hillside > funnel, and that of urease activity was funnel > hillside > valley. Particularly, there was a weak correlation between the four soil enzyme activities and soil nutrients. The main influencing factors of catalase activity were total nitrogen and available nitrogen. The main influencing factors of alkaline phosphatase activity were available nitrogen and available potassium, the main influencing factor of urease activity was available potassium, and the main influencing factors of saccharase activity were total nitrogen and available potassium. The greater residual path coefficients of catalase, alkaline phosphatase, urease, and saccharase activities indicated that the four soil enzyme activities might be affected by other factors not considered in this work. The results of this research provide a theoretical basis for the maintenance of ecosystem structure and function and the maintenance mechanism of species diversity of the Maolan karst forest ecosystem.

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相似文献/References:

[1]薛飞,龙翠玲,廖全兰,等.喀斯特森林凋落物对土壤养分及土壤酶的影响[J].森林与环境学报,2020,40(05):449.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.05.001]
 XUE Fei,LONG Cuiling,LIAO Quanlan,et al.An analysis of litter, soil, stoichiometry, and soil enzymes in karst forest[J].,2020,40(02):449.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.05.001]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-11-07;改回日期:2019-12-15。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31660107);贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合平台人才[2017]5726-45号);贵州省自然科学基金项目(黔科合J字[2012]2280号)。
作者简介:廖全兰(1992-),女,硕士研究生,从事植物生态学研究。Email:1143209721@qq.com。
通讯作者:龙翠玲(1973-),女,教授,博士,从事森林生态学研究。Email:longcuiling898@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01