[1]郭雯,张建,漆良华,等.毛竹及其变种叶功能性状与影响因素[J].森林与环境学报,2020,40(03):260-268.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.005]
 GUO Wen,ZHANG Jian,QI Lianghua,et al.Leaf functional traits and influencing factors of Phyllostachys edulis and its varieties[J].,2020,40(03):260-268.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.005]
点击复制

毛竹及其变种叶功能性状与影响因素()
分享到:

《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
40
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
260-268
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Leaf functional traits and influencing factors of Phyllostachys edulis and its varieties
作者:
郭雯1 张建1 漆良华12 商泽安1 王锐1 杨畅1
1. 国际竹藤中心竹藤科学与技术重点实验室, 北京 100102;
2. 国际竹藤中心安徽太平试验中心, 安徽 太平 245700
Author(s):
GUO Wen1 ZHANG Jian1 QI Lianghua12 SHANG Ze’an1 WANG Rui1 YANG Chang1
1. International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science and Technology, Beijing 100102, China;
2. Anhui Taiping Experimental Station of ICBR, Taiping, Anhui 245700, China
关键词:
毛竹变种年龄叶功能性状土壤养分生存策略
Keywords:
Phyllostachys edulisvarietiesageleaf functional traitsoil nutrientsurvival strategy
分类号:
S718.45
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.005
摘要:
以毛竹、黄槽毛竹、花毛竹、厚壁毛竹、金丝毛竹为研究对象,分析比较其不同年龄立竹间叶功能性状特征,筛选主要叶功能性状指标,并探究影响毛竹及其变种叶功能性状的主要影响因子。结果表明:不同年龄毛竹及其变种叶功能性状存在差异,而竹种比年龄(1、3、5 a)对叶功能性状的影响程度大;主成分分析表明,影响毛竹及其变种叶功能性状的主要指标为叶全氮、叶全磷、叶绿素a、叶绿素b含量、叶绿素总量、比叶面积、叶含水量;叶全碳、叶全氮、叶全磷、叶绿素a、叶绿素b含量、叶绿素总量、叶面积、叶厚度、比叶面积、叶干物质含量、叶含水量、叶组织密度均与土壤养分呈显著相关。毛竹及其变种叶功能性状受土壤有效磷、全磷、碱解氮、有机质、全钾、速效钾含量的共同影响,其中有效磷、全磷、碱解氮含量是影响其叶功能性状的主要因子。叶养分元素(全氮、全磷)、叶绿素、叶形态性状(比叶面积、叶含水量)可作为毛竹及其变种筛选的主要叶功能性状指标,毛竹及其变种通过多性状间的功能协调形成最佳功能组合进而使其自身适应环境变化。
Abstract:
The relationship between functional characters of leaves of Phyllostachys edulis, P. edulis f. luteosulcata, P. edulis f. Tao kiang, P. edulis f. pachyloen, and P. edulis f. gracilis at different ages were studied. The main indices of leaf functional characters were screened, and the main soil factors affecting leaf functional characters of P. edulis and its varieties were explored. The aim was to provide a scientific basis for the survival strategies of P. edulis and its varieties, and a scientific basis for diversity protection, and the utilization and sustainable and healthy management of P. edulis germplasm resources. Differences in leaf functional characters of P. edulis and its varieties at different ages were evident. The specific age of bamboo species (1, 3, 5 a) had a profound influence on leaf functional characters. Principal component analysis showed that the main indices affecting leaf functional characters of P. edulis and its varieties were leaf total nitrogen, leaf total phosphorus, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, specific leaf area, and leaf water content. Leaf total carbon, leaf total nitrogen, leaf total phosphorus, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, leaf area, leaf thickness, specific leaf area, leaf dry matter content, leaf water content, and leaf tissue density were significantly correlated with soil nutrients of P. edulis and its four variants. The leaf functional characters of P. edulis and its varieties were affected by available phosphorus, total phosphorus, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, organic matter, total potassium, and available potassium. Of these, available phosphorus, total phosphorus, and alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen were the main soil factors affecting the leaf functional properties. The findings indicate that leaf nutrient elements (total nitrogen, total phosphorus), chlorophyll, and leaf morphological characters (specific leaf area, leaf water content) can be used as the main leaf functional traits of P. edulis and its varieties. P. edulis and its varieties form the best functional combination through the functional coordination among multiple characters to adapt to environmental changes.

参考文献/References:

[1] 郭茹.环境对植物叶功能性状筛选的多尺度效应与群落构建[D].西安:中国科学院研究生院(教育部水土保持与生态环境研究中心),2016.
[2] MOLES A T,PERKINS S E,LAFFAN S W,et al.Which is a better predictor of plant traits:temperature or precipitation?[J].Journal of Vegetation Science,2014,25(5):1 167-1 180.
[3] WANG C Y,LIU J,XIAO H G,et al.Differences in leaf functional traits between Rhus typhina and native species[J].CLEAN-Soil Air Water,2016,44(11):1 591-1 597.
[4] 施建敏,叶学华,陈伏生,等.竹类植物对异质生境的适应:表型可塑性[J].生态学报,2014,34(20):5 687-5 695.
[5] JIANG W X,ZHANG W J,DING Y L.Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for Phyllostachys edulis (Poaceae),an important bamboo species in China[J].Applications in Plant Sciences,2013,1(7):1200010.
[6] 毕毓芳,蔡函江,王安可,等.竹子基因工程研究进展[J].分子植物育种,2016,14(12):3 390-3 399.
[7] 刘希珍,封焕英,蔡春菊,等.毛竹向阔叶林扩展过程中的叶功能性状研究[J].北京林业大学学报,2015,37(8):8-17.
[8] 刘广路,范少辉,蔡春菊,等.毛竹向撂荒地扩展过程中叶功能性状变化[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(2):41-46.
[9] 刘广路,范少辉,唐晓鹿,等.毛竹向杉木林扩展过程中叶功能性状的适应策略[J].林业科学,2017,53(8):17-25.
[10] 严彦,王伟.安徽太平地区竹类种质资源库简介[J].世界竹藤通讯,2008,6(6):32-33.
[11] 国家林业局.森林土壤分析方法:LY/T 1210-1275—1999[S].北京:中国标准出版社,1999.
[12] 陈林,杨新国,宋乃平,等.宁夏中部干旱带主要植物叶性状变异特征研究[J].草业学报,2014,23(1):41-49.
[13] GARNIER E,NAVAS M L.A trait-based approach to comparative functional plant ecology:concepts,methods and applications for agroecology.A review[J].Agronomy for Sustainable Development,2012,32(2):365-399.
[14] 冯秋红,史作民,董莉莉,等.南北样带温带区栎属树种功能性状间的关系及其对气象因子的响应[J].植物生态学报,2010,34(6):619-627.
[15] 刘广路,范少辉,郭宝华,等.不同年龄毛竹碳氮磷化学计量特征[J].热带作物学报,2016,37(2):279-285.
[16] 阮晓赛.毛竹种源及栽培变种遗传变异的AFLP和ISSR分析[D].杭州:浙江林学院,2008.
[17] 谢立红,黄庆阳,曹宏杰,等.五大连池火山色木槭叶功能性状特征[J].生物多样性,2019,27(3):286-296.
[18] 杨冬梅,章佳佳,周丹,等.木本植物茎叶功能性状及其关系随环境变化的研究进展[J].生态学杂志,2012,31(3):702-713.
[19] 段媛媛,宋丽娟,牛素旗,等.不同林龄刺槐叶功能性状差异及其与土壤养分的关系[J].应用生态学报,2017,28(1):28-36.
[20] MAJEKOVá M,DE BELLO F,DOLE?L J,et al.Plant functional traits as determinants of population stability[J].Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America,2014,95(9):2 369-2 374.
[21] 施宇,温仲明,龚时慧.黄土丘陵区植物叶片与细根功能性状关系及其变化[J].生态学报,2011,31(22):6 805-6 814.
[22] 郑颖,温仲明,宋光,等.延河流域森林草原区不同植物功能型适应策略及功能型物种数量随退耕年限的变化[J].生态学报,2015,35(17):5 834-5 845.
[23] WRIGHT I J,REICH P B,CORNELISSEN J H C,et al.Modulation of leaf economic traits and trait relationships by climate[J].Global Ecology and Biogeography,2005,14(5):411-421.
[24] 罗璐,申国珍,谢宗强,等.神农架海拔梯度上4种典型森林的乔木叶片功能性状特征[J].生态学报,2011,31(21):6 420-6 428.
[25] 王常顺,汪诗平.植物叶片性状对气候变化的响应研究进展[J].植物生态学报,2015,39(2):206-216.
[26] 陈莹婷,许振柱.植物叶经济谱的研究进展[J].植物生态学报,2014,38(10):1 135-1 153.
[27] 郭昉晨.南亚热带珍贵阔叶树种光合特性与叶片功能性状的关系[D].南宁:广西大学,2015.
[28] 金明月,姜峰,金光泽,等.不同年龄白桦比叶面积的生长阶段变异及冠层差异[J].林业科学,2018,54(9):18-26.
[29] 宋彦涛,周道玮,王平,等.松嫩草地66种草本植物叶片性状特征[J].生态学报,2013,33(1):79-88.
[30] 余华,钟全林,黄云波,等.不同种源刨花楠林下幼苗叶功能性状与地理环境的关系[J].应用生态学报,2018,29(2):449-458.
[31] 郭雯,雷刚,漆良华,等.海南岛簕竹属5个竹种雨季光合特性与叶片形态结构性状[J].林业科学,2019,55(8):63-72.
[32] 唐青青,黄永涛,丁易,等.亚热带常绿落叶阔叶混交林植物功能性状的种间和种内变异[J].生物多样性,2016,24(3):262-270.
[33] SHANG J,JIANG B,ZHENG Y H,et al.Responses of leaf functional traits of Torreya fargesii to the altitudinal variation[J].Agricultural Science & Technology,2017,18(11):2 179-2 184.

相似文献/References:

[1]张巧玲,曾钦志,李清芸,等.H2O2溶液处理对毛竹材润湿与胶合性能的影响[J].森林与环境学报,2014,34(02):184.
[2]陈嘉琦,温国胜,王艳红,等.春季毛竹光化学效率空间异质性比较[J].森林与环境学报,2014,34(01):52.
[3]李想,史世京,曹颖,等.冷冻胁迫下毛竹叶绿素荧光参数变化及抗寒相关转录因子表达[J].森林与环境学报,2014,34(01):57.
[4]林明珠,陈瑞英.毛竹材对酚醛树脂渗透性能的研究[J].森林与环境学报,2012,32(03):280.
 [J].,2012,32(03):280.
[5]高培军,桂仁意,黄坚钦,等.毛竹雨雪冰冻灾害主要影响因子的回归分析[J].森林与环境学报,2010,30(02):165.
 [J].,2010,30(03):165.
[6]崔敏,殷亚方,姜笑梅,等.不同竹龄毛竹材物理性质的差异分析[J].森林与环境学报,2010,30(04):338.
 [J].,2010,30(03):338.
[7]张庆波,胡尚连,徐刚,等.毛竹bZIP转录因子的基因结构与进化分析[J].森林与环境学报,2016,36(01):54.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.01.009]
 ZHANG Qingbo,HU Shanglian,XU Gang,et al.Analysis on gene structure and evolution of bZIP transcription factor of Phyllostachys edulis[J].,2016,36(03):54.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.01.009]
[8]刘顺,吴珍花,盛可银,等.江西毛竹林土壤理化性质与养分吸附特性[J].森林与环境学报,2016,36(02):195.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.02.011]
 LIU Shun,WU Zhenhua,SHENG Keyin,et al.Soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient absorption in Phyllostachys edulis forests in different areas of Jiangxi[J].,2016,36(03):195.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2016.02.011]
[9]桂许维,张扬,宋庆妮,等.毛竹林钾矿物分解细菌的分离与鉴定[J].森林与环境学报,2018,38(04):499.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2018.04.018]
 GUI Xuwei,ZHANG Yang,SONG Qingni,et al.Isolation and identification of the mineral potassium-solubilizing bacteria in Phyllostachys edulis forest[J].,2018,38(03):499.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2018.04.018]
[10]徐道炜,刘金福,何中声,等.毛竹向杉木林扩张后的群落物种多样性特征[J].森林与环境学报,2019,39(01):37.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2019.01.007]
 XU Daowei,LIU Jinfu,HE Zhongsheng,et al.Community species diversity after Phyllostachys edulis expansion to Cunninghamia lanceolata forest[J].,2019,39(03):37.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2019.01.007]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-12-09;改回日期:2020-02-05。
基金项目:国际竹藤中心基本科研业务费重点专项"毛竹及主要变种生态特性研究"(1632018012)。
作者简介:郭雯(1991-),女,博士研究生,从事森林生态系统结构与功能研究。Email:guobowen11@163.com。
通讯作者:漆良华(1976-),男,研究员,博士生导师,从事森林生态学研究。Email: qlh@icbr.ac.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01