[1]刘霞,徐正会,张翔,等.喜马拉雅山底雅段和札达段蚂蚁多样性[J].森林与环境学报,2020,40(03):313-320.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.012]
 LIU Xia,XU Zhenghui,ZHANG Xiang,et al.Ant species diversity of Diyag and Zanda sections of Himalayas[J].,2020,40(03):313-320.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.012]
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喜马拉雅山底雅段和札达段蚂蚁多样性()
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《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
40
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
313-320
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ant species diversity of Diyag and Zanda sections of Himalayas
作者:
刘霞12 徐正会12 张翔12 李晓艳12 刘兰兰12 张新民12
1. 西南林业大学生物多样性保护学院, 云南 昆明 650224;
2. 云南省森林灾害预警与控制重点实验室, 云南 昆明 650224
Author(s):
LIU Xia12 XU Zhenghui12 ZHANG Xiang12 LI Xiaoyan12 LIU Lanlan12 ZHANG Xinmin12
1. College of Biodiversity Conservation, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, Yunnan 650224, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Forest Disaster Warning and Control in Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan 650224, China
关键词:
蚁科物种多样性优势度群落相似性喜马拉雅山
Keywords:
Formicidaespecies diversitydominancecommunity similarityHimalayas
分类号:
S76Q968
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.03.012
摘要:
为揭示喜马拉雅山蚂蚁群落的生态学规律,采用样地调查法对喜马拉雅山底雅段和札达段的蚂蚁群落进行调查。共观察蚂蚁5 355头,隶属于2亚科5属7种,其中底雅段7种,札达段3种。对该地区蚂蚁物种丰富度进行估计,结果表明底雅段和札达段的蚂蚁物种丰富度较低。底雅段南坡的蚂蚁物种数目、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、Fisher α指数和优势度指数表现出"中域效应"现象,而个体密度则表现出"多域效应"现象;札达段南坡的蚂蚁物种数目、个体密度和Fisher α指数均表现出"多域效应"现象。蚂蚁群落相似性系数显示各样地间的蚂蚁群落处于极不相似至极相似水平,表明该地区不同海拔蚂蚁群落既有差异又存在一定共性。在底雅段和札达段,海拔对蚂蚁物种的分布和多样性有较大影响,坡向和植被对蚂蚁群落分化有重要作用。
Abstract:
To clarify the ecology of ant communities of Himalayas, communities from the Diyag and Zanda sections were investigated using a sample-plot method. In total, the 5 355 individuals comprised 7 species belonging to 2 subfamilies and 5 genera of Formicidae. There were 7 species in Diyag section and 3 species in Zanda section. Ant species richness was estimated, the species accumulation curves revealed relatively lower ant species richness of the Diyag and Zanda sections. Ant species numbers, Shannon-Wiener diversity indices, Fisher α indices, and Simpson index on the south slope of the Diyag section displayed a "mid-domain effect" phenomenon, while the individual density displayed a "multi-domain effect" phenomenon. Ant species numbers, individual densities, and Fisher α indices on the south slope of the Zanda section displayed a "multi-domain effect" phenomenon. The similarity analysis revealed a marked dissimilarity of the ant communities among the samples, indicating the existence of differences and similarities in the ant communities along an elevational gradient in this area. The distribution of ant species and diversity were mainly influenced by altitude, while slope direction and vegetation type were important in ant community differentiation.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-11-01;改回日期:2020-02-28。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31860166,31860615);国家自然科学基金委员会应急管理项目子课题(31750002);国家科学技术部科技基础性工作专项重点项目子课题(2015FY210300);西南林业大学科研启动基金项目(111405);西南林业大学云南省省级重点学科(林学)(5009750101)。
作者简介:刘霞(1981-),女,博士研究生,从事森林昆虫研究。Email:40274330@qq.com。
通讯作者:徐正会(1962-),男,教授,从事森林昆虫研究。Email:xuzhenghui1962@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01