[1]王盾,王建兵,郑丽燕,等.惠州西湖风景区消落带植物群落物种组成及多样性[J].森林与环境学报,2020,40(06):605-611.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.06.006]
 WANG Dun,WANG Jianbing,ZHENG Liyan,et al.Species composition and diversity of plant communities in the water-level-fluctuation zone of Huizhou West Lake scenic area[J].,2020,40(06):605-611.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.06.006]
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惠州西湖风景区消落带植物群落物种组成及多样性()
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《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2020年06期
页码:
605-611
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Species composition and diversity of plant communities in the water-level-fluctuation zone of Huizhou West Lake scenic area
作者:
王盾1 王建兵1 郑丽燕2 陈善仪1
1. 惠州学院生命科学学院, 广东 惠州 516007;
2. 惠州西湖风景区管理处, 广东 惠州 516001
Author(s):
WANG Dun1 WANG Jianbing1 ZHENG Liyan2 CHEN Shanyi1
1. School of Life Sciences, Huizhou University, Huizhou, Guangdong 516007, China;
2. Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area Management Office, Huizhou, Guangdong 516001, China
关键词:
植物群系物种多样性消落带西湖风景区
Keywords:
plant communityspecies diversitywater-level-fluctuation zoneWest Lake scenic area
分类号:
Q948.15
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2020.06.006
摘要:
消落带是河流、湖泊、水库等因季节性或突发性水位涨落造成植物频繁遭受水淹与干旱干扰的湿地,植被具有耐干旱和耐水淹的特性,对海绵城市的建设有着重要意义。对惠州西湖风景区的植物组成及多样性的研究结果如下:43个样方共记录68科126属147种维管植物,其中,被子植物60科117属137种,裸子植物2科3属3种,蕨类植物6科6属7种;木本植物36科68属82种,草本植物32科58属65种,含10种及以上的科有禾本科和豆科,含6~9种的科有大戟科、菊科和桑科,含2~5种的科有漆树科、杜英科、芸香科等22科,含1种的科有柏科、景天科、木兰科等共41科。根据双向指示种分析(TWINSPAN)方法,调查区域植物群系分为20个类型,其中红花湖景区消落带植被群系类型有11种,西湖景区消落带植被群系类型有9种。这20种群系物种多样性指数2.15~2.47,均匀度指数0.72~0.86,物种丰富度指数2.25~3.52,各群系的丰富度指数和多样性指数变化趋势较均衡,与群系均匀度变化没有明显规律性。乔木层优势种主要有大叶相思、马占相思、池杉、构树等,灌木层优势种有鹅掌柴、三角梅、红花芦莉等,草本层优势种有芒、芒萁、蟛蜞菊、薇甘菊、马唐、毛蕨等。研究结果可为惠州地区风景区消落带植物资源保护恢复、构建与开发利用提供参考依据。
Abstract:
The water-level-fluctuation zone are wetland areas where plants are frequently disturbed by flooding and drought due to seasonal or sudden fluctuations in the water level of rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Plants growing in such zones display drought and flood resistance, which is of great significance for the construction of sponge cities. In this study, the composition and diversity of plant species in the West Lake scenic area of Huizhou, China, were investigated. From 43 selected transects, 147 vascular plants were recorded in 68 families and 126 genera. These plants included 137 species of angiosperms in 60 families and 117 genera, 3 species of gymnosperms in 2 families and 3 genera, 7 species of pteridophytes in 6 families and 6 genera, there were 82 species of woody plants belonging to 68 genera and 36 families, and 65 species of herbaceous plants belonging to 58 genera and 32 families. The families with more than 10 species were Gramineae and Leguminosae, and families containing 6-9 species are Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae and Moriaceae.Additionally, there were 22 families with 2-5 species including Anacardiaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, and Rutaceae, etc.And 41 families with 1 species including Cupressaceae, Crassulaceae and Magnoliaceae, etc. According to two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), the plant communities could be divided into 20 types. There were 11 types of vegetation in the water-level-fluctuation zone of Honghua Lake scenic area and 9 types in that of West Lake scenic area. The species diversity index values of these 20 communities were between 2.15 and 2.47, the evenness index values were 0.72-0.86, and the species richness index values were 2.25-3.52. The changes in the richness and diversity indexes of each community were relatively balanced, but displayed no obvious correlation with the change in community evenness. The dominant species in the tree layer were Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia mangium, Taxodium distichum var. imbricatum, Broussonetia papyrifera, etc. The dominant shrub layer species were Schefflera octophylla, Bougainvillea spectabilis, Ruellia elegans, etc. While the dominant herb layer species were Miscanthus sinensis,Dicranopteris dichotoma,Wedelia chinensis,Mikania micrantha,Digitaria sanguinalis,Cyclosorus interruptus,amongst others. This study can provide a reference for conservation, restoration, construction, development, and utilization of plant resources in the water-level-fluctuation zone of Huizhou scenic area.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-06-06;改回日期:2020-08-22。
基金项目:广东省教育厅青年创新人才项目(自然科学)(2016KQNCX160);惠州学院"百名优秀青年教师培养工程"项目。
作者简介:王盾(1988-),女,讲师,从事城市园林植物应用、海绵城市中两栖植物的应用研究。Email:304795946@qq.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01