[1]叶碧欢,陈友吾,李海波,等.香榧假种皮精油对病原菌和病原藻的抑制活性[J].森林与环境学报,2021,41(06):637-642.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2021.06.010]
 YE Bihuan,CHEN Youwu,LI Haibo,et al.Inhibitory activity of the essential oil of Torreya grandis aril against pathogens and a green alga[J].,2021,41(06):637-642.[doi:10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2021.06.010]
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香榧假种皮精油对病原菌和病原藻的抑制活性()
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《森林与环境学报》[ISSN:2096-0018/CN:35-1327/S]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2021年06期
页码:
637-642
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-11-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Inhibitory activity of the essential oil of Torreya grandis aril against pathogens and a green alga
作者:
叶碧欢 陈友吾 李海波 宋其岩 胡传久 沈建军
浙江省林业科学研究院, 浙江 杭州 310023
Author(s):
YE Bihuan CHEN Youwu LI Haibo SONG Qiyan HU Chuanjiu SHEN Jianjun
Zhejiang Academy of Forestry, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310023, China
关键词:
香榧假种皮精油病原菌病原藻抑制活性
Keywords:
Torreya grandis arilessential oilpathogenpathogenic green algainhibitory activity
分类号:
S763.1
DOI:
10.13324/j.cnki.jfcf.2021.06.010
摘要:
为了开发利用香榧假种皮精油的植物源药剂功能,分别采用生长速率法和分光光度计测定香榧假种皮精油对5种病原菌和1种病原藻的抑制活性。结果表明,香榧假种皮精油对立枯丝核菌(Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn)、链格孢[Alternaria alternate (Fries) Keissler.]、胶孢炭疽菌[Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz.et Sacc.]、尖孢镰刀菌(Fusarium oxysporum Sch1.)、葡萄座腔菌[Botryosphaeria dothidea (Moug.) Ces.et De Not.]和裂丝藻(Stichcoccus sp.)均具有抑制性,抑制效率与精油浓度呈正相关。精油对不同菌株的抑制性存在差异,对链格孢的抑制性最强,对葡萄座腔菌的抑制效果相对较差。香榧假种皮精油具有作为植物源抑菌灭藻药剂的研究价值和开发潜力。
Abstract:
To develop and utilize the essential oil of Torreya grandis Fort. ex Lindl. ‘Merrillii’ Hu aril as a botanical pesticide, we assessed the inhibitory activity of the essential oil against five pathogens and a single green alga, based on growth rate and spectrophotometric analyses, respectively. The results revealed that the essential oil had inhibitory effects on all five pathogens[Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn, Alternaria alternate (Fries) Keissler., Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. et Sacc., Fusarium oxysporum Sch1., and Botryosphaeria dothidea (Moug.) Ces. et De Not.] and the green alga (Stichococcus sp.), and that the efficacy of the inhibitory effect was positively correlated with the concentration of the essential oil. The inhibitory effect was found to differ depending on the target strain, with Alternaria alternata being the most strongly inhibited and Botryosphaeria dothidea showing comparatively little inhibition. We conclude that the essential oil of T. grandis has research value and potential practical utility as a botanical pesticide for use against bacterial and fungal pathogens and green algae.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-08-09;改回日期:2021-08-30。
基金项目:浙江省省院合作林业科技项目(2019SY09);浙江省省属科研院所资助项目(2019F1068-1);浙江省省属科研院所资助项目(2020F1065-6)。
作者简介:叶碧欢(1989-),女,助理研究员,从事森林保护研究。Email:yebihuan0318@126.com。
通讯作者:沈建军(1970-),男,高级工程师,从事植物源农药开发研究。Email:736210235@qq.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01